1900-10
1901

Prototype and two production units successfully designed, built and tested.

1902

First Indian Motorcycle®, featuring innovative chain drives and streamlined styling, sold to public.

1903

Indian Motorcycle® co-founder and chief engineer Oscar Hedstrom sets world motorcycle speed record (56mph).

1906

Indian Motorcycle® releases first American production V-Twin after several years of development and testing; 101 years later V-Twin remains most popular cruiser-motorcycle engine design.

George Holden and Luis J. Mueller ride an Indian Motorcycle® from San Francisco to New York City in 31 trouble-free days, breaking the existing record by over 18 days.

A 1907 Indian Motorcycle® Twin wins the first English 1000-mile reliability trial.

1904

Crimson Steed of Steel paint scheme introduced; Indian Motorcycle® wins Gold Medal for Mechanical Excellence at St. Louis Exposition.

1907

New York Police Department selects Indian Motorcycle® for first motorcycle police unit.

1908

Indian Motorcycle® "loop frame" positions gas tank on front horizontal frame member, other makers eventually follow suit; basic configuration still used by virtually all motorcycles.


1910-19

1911

Indian Motorcycle® riders hold every American speed and distance record. Indian Motorcycle® sweeps top three positions in first Isle of Man Mountain Course Race.

1913

First swingarm and leaf-spring rear suspension in the industry is introduced.

1914

Over 3,000 employees work on a 7-mile-long assembly line in Indian's 1-million-square foot Springfield, Massachusetts plant. Indian Motorcycle® debuts world's first motorcycle with electric lights and starter; Cannonball Baker sets cross-country speed record on an Indian Motorcycle® V-Twin.

1916

Racing activities are suspended as the company supplies the war effort with 41,000 machines. The 61-cubic inch Powerplus® side-valve engine is introduced.

1918

An overhead cam, four-valve-per-cylinder Powerplus® racing motorcycle tops 120 mph.


1920-29

1920

It's a decade of growth for the Indian® model line, starting with the revolutionary 1920 Scout® and followed by the 95-mph Chief®, the even more powerful Big Chief®, the lightweight Prince, and the awesome 4-cylinder Four.

First use of semi-unit construction is utilized in the introduction of the Indian® Scout®.

1922

Indian® Motocycle becomes first company in America to use "leakproof" aluminum primary cases; competition retains leaks for decades.

61 cubic inch Indian® Chief® is introduced.

1923

When motorcycles began to appear in the late 19th century, there was some uncertainty about what to call them. Some journalists used "motocycle," some used "motorcycle." The Hendee Manufacturing Company chose "motocycle,” changing the name to Indian® Motocycle Company.

74-cubic-inch Big Chief® V-Twin introduced.

1927

Four-cylinder Indian® Ace introduced.

1928

101 Scout® becomes the machine of choice for “wall of death” stunt riders.


1930-39

1930

The Art Deco era hits the Indian Motorcycle® adorned in a full range of Duco colors, two-tone designs, pinstriping, and decals.

1932

Two new lightweight models debut – the Motoplane and the Pony Scout®.

1937

“Iron Man” Ed Kretz, aboard a Sport Scout®, laps the entire field in his win at the 1937 Inaugural Daytona 200. Indian® introduces first motorcycles with dual carburetors.

1939

With the onset of World War II, focus again shifts to providing the War Department with motorcycles. The government of France orders 5,000 Chiefs with sidecars.


1940-49
1940

Indian Motorcycle® pioneers use of "plunger" (spring coupled to an oil-dampened shaft) rear suspension; introduces trademark full-skirt fenders (aka valences). Production during the war years is mainly military and police vehicles.

1941

Indian Motorcycle® begins production of advanced shaft-drive, four-speed military motorcycle.

1943

Indian Motorcycle® wins Army-Navy Production Award.

1945

The company is sold and consolidated into the Torque Engineering Company. Later the company is divided with manufacturing going to the Atlas Corporation and distribution to The Indian® Sales Corporation.

1947

Johnny Spiegelhof wins the Daytona 200 aboard a Sport Scout®.

1948

First Daytona 200 held on new beach/road course won by Indian® rider Floyd Emde on a 648 Scout.


1950-70

1951

Following the war, Indian Motorcycle® struggles with re-entry into the public market. The Chief®, dropped for a year, is re-introduced in 1951 as a mighty 80-cubic-inch model, but sales continue to decline and Indian is forced to halt production in 1953.

1967

Herbert "Burt" Munro rides his self-modified 1920 Scout® to an under-1000cc land-speed record at the Bonneville Salt Flats. Forty years later, Munro and his Indian's record still stands.


1998-2003

1998

A complex web of trademark rights foil numerous attempts to revive the Indian® name until several formerly competing companies merge to become the Indian Motorcycle® Company.

1999

Manufacturing begins, but the venture proves unsuccessful.

2003

The company's final model year.


2004-11

2004

Stephen Julius and Steve Heese, after resurrecting the struggling Chris-Craft® Boat Company, turn their attention to Indian Motorcycle®. They acquire trademark rights and intellectual properties. Chris Craft® is a registered trademark of CC MARINE BRAND AQUISITIONS LLC.

2008

Production begins and 2009 Indian® Chief® motorcycles start rolling off the assembly line in Kings Mountain, NC.


2011+

2011

Polaris® adds one of motorcycling’s legendary brands to its strong stable of Victory® cruiser and touring bikes. Indian Motorcycle® will operate as an autonomous business unit, building upon the potent combination of Polaris’ engineering acumen and innovative technology with Indian Motorcycle’s premium brand, iconic design and rich American heritage.

2012

Final year the Kings Mountain Chief® platform is produced.

2013

A new era of Indian Motorcycle® is born, starting with the reveal of the Thunder Stroke™ 111 engine at Daytona Bike Week in March and the unveiling of the 2014 Indian® Chief® at the Sturgis® Motorcycle Rally in August.